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Articles and Publications

Treasures of the Odessa region № 1. Gold of Attila

On the river bank of Ialpug employees of Izmail museum found additional materials to the sensational at the time, "gold of Attila." Dated to the end of the IV - beginning of V century AD (Great Migration of Peoples)...

As strange as it sounds, but most of the finds at the time of first detection of the complex, inexplicably spread across collectors. From what remains - a richly decorated dagger expensively carved sword, belt and harness with a seat. The total weight of findings was about two pounds. According to unofficial data treasure consisted of about fifty different items that were sold over the Internet without fear.

It was assumed that the jewelry area of Ishmael came from Constantinople. Perhaps the barbarians got them as payment or a tribute, and maybe even took over the wealth of robbery. In those days the road to the river crossing of the lower Danube ran through Ialpug coast, where the Huns often tormented the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire for its plundering raids.

Sentimental story or how the treasure was found

November 14, 2010 the museum staff, Svetlana and Alexander Palamarchuk Serikov walked to the lake (mentioned above). No one thought about any archaeological work! The artifacts were found by themselves. On the slope they saw golden plates on the straps of horse racing, inlaid with almandine. If we assume the cost of even these small finds (1.5 cm in diameter), the black market would easily fork out a few thousand dollars! At the same time, the scientific value of finds is much higher, although it is estimated, unfortunately for scientists, not in the most convertible currency - in knowledge.

Archaeological 'traces' of the Huns are rare, because they are valuable. If German people paid more attention to the silver, then Huns could not resist the "filthy lucre." For the most part - it's gold jewelry or richly inlaid weapons. If the findings from the Scythian burials can be estimated in thousands, the relics of the Huns hardly one - two decades. Therefore it is extremely important that these finds were discovered by archaeologists, who will be able to get a lot of valuable information not only on the object itself, but from the place of its discovery, the depth, the exact location of what was next, etc.

Back to our Attila. Scientists have suggested that although the findings of those representatives belonged to the high society of the Huns, but they are unlikely to have a direct relationship to the great commander. Recall that according to legend, Attila was buried in these lands - on the Danube, and supposedly to hide his grave, one of the tributaries of the river changed its course. However, the images found on objects rather support the view that these things could have belonged to the children of the leader, rather than Attila himself, although this is only speculation.

According to another hypothesis, subjects could have easily belong to the Aland, captain who was in the service of Rome. Persian motifs stamped on the lining rides and a large buckle with turquoise were not foreign to the Alans.

There is also another theory. Most archaeologists agreed that the treasure of Attila was buried... by black diggers! True, it was a very long time ago. In other words - an "extortionate treasure", when the tomb was robbed hundreds of years ago, they shared wealth and buried a part of the loot by the lake. Person who buried it, simply did not come back for hidden treasure.

After the necessary expert opinions held in Odessa, jewelry has taken its place in the Museum of Izmail. Scientists also believe that the excavations in the area of detection should continue, currently everything possible is done.

Valeryn Sinkovsky

 

 

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